Bone Morphogenetic Protein
Bone Morphogenetic Protein is a naturally occurring protein that is within everyones bones. More recently this has been genetically synthesized, concentrated, and has been commercially used in neurosurgery and orthopedic surgery. It is available in oral surgery for bone graft reconstruction as well. This liquid is applied to a dissolving collagen sponge and placed in an area where bone is needed for future implant placement. This sponge must be projected with a titanium membrane to allow room for the bone to grow. The BMP causes the natural bone cells to grow into the area and form bone in that maintained space. The two disadvantages of BMP is its high cost and associated increase of swelling. The method of reconstruction and the choice of materials will be discussed at the time of the reconstruction consultation keeping in mind that both PRP and BMP provide a significant advantage for bone graft reconstruction.